The name "Hyksos" transliteration of the Greek word  ‘Υκσώς is found in “Contra Apion” of Josephus a first-century Romano-Jewish historian who quoted Manetho, an Egyptian priest of the early third century BC from Sebennytos. Manetho used the name “Hyksos” to describe the foreign invaders  who took control of Lower Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period.

Modern scholars explain the term “Hyksos” as the Greek transliteration of two different Egyptian words: heqa + khaset  an epithet used by the rulers of the XV Dynasty which means “Foreign rulers” or “Kings of foreign lands”:


Our knowledge of the Hyksos has greatly improved over the last thirty years after their capital Avaris has been excavated by the archaeologists however there are still questions that need to be answered about their origin, their religion, their administrative system, their laws....

The new book "Atletenu" by Diego Ratti reveals that the Hyksos were one and the same with the Atlanteans of Plato's "Critias" as they were called "Atletenu" by the Egyptians: this identification is very important for our knowledge of the Hyksos because in "Critias" we can find detailed information about their laws, religion and origins.

Moreover in "Atletenu" the author explains that the first king of Atlantis called Atlas by Plato was a prince of Ugarit called Shamshi-Shu I who led a coalition of Foreign Kings to conquer Egypt. 


Plato's "Critias" mentions the name of the first10 kings of Atlantis: in "Atletenu" author Diego Ratti explains that the names of these 10 kings provide us with indication of the origin and ethnicity of the Hyksos.

It was a coalition of 10 foreign Hyksos kings to invade Egypt in 1646 BC: some of them were from Southern Canaan and Northern Sinai while their majority was from Northern Syria and Lebanon. The prevalent ethnicity of the Hyksos coaltion was the Amorite one: they had Amorite names, Amorite customs, traditions and religion. 

The prince of Ugarit leading the coalition of Hyksos was a Amorite.

The legend of Atlantis was the hystory of the Hyksos: this fascinating thesis is discussed in the book "Atletenu" with supporting archaeological and textual evidence.